1 Data on file.
2 Olerud F, et al. Comparison of Refobacin bone cement and Palacos with gentamicin in total hip arthroplasty: an RSA study with two years follow-up. Hip Int. 2014;24(1):56-62.
3 Barletta A, et al. Testing and comparison of the mechanical properties of commercial bone cements: which technique is the best?. Exp Techniq 2008; 32: 48-53.
4 Lewis G. Not all approved antibiotic-loaded PMMA bone cement brands are the same: ranking using the utility materials selection concept. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2015; 26: 5388.
5 Hampton CB, et al. Aseptic loosening at the tibia in total knee arthroplasty: a function of cement mantle quality? J Arthroplasty 2020; 35: 190-6.
6 Table C9: 10 Most Used Cement Types for Tibial Prosthesis in Primary Knee Replacement. AOA National Joint Replacement Registry Supplementary Report on Cement in Hip & Knee Arthroplasty. 2017. Page 9.
7 NJR Supplier Feedback Report, 2020.
8 Espehaug B, et al. The type of cement and failure of total hip replacements. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 2002; 84: 832-8.
9 Malchau H, et al. Prognosis of total hip replacement. Update and Validation of Results from the Swedish National Hip Arthroplasty Registry 1979-1998.. In: Scientific Exhibition presented at the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, March 15-19, 2000, Orlando, USA.
10 Buller LT, et al. Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty Performed Using High-Viscosity Cement is Associated with High Odds of Revision for Aseptic Loosening. J Arthroplasty 2020; 35: 182-9.
11 Kuehn KD. PMMA Cements. Properties of PMMA Cement Dough (Figure 7.8) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
12 Dall GF, et al. Inter- and intra-batch variability in the handling characteristics and viscosity of commonly used antibiotic-loaded bone cements. Acta Orthop 2007; 78: 412-20.
13 Wilkinson JM, et al. Effect of mixing technique on the properties of acrylic bone-cement: a comparison of syringe and bowl mixing systems. J Arthroplasty 2000; 15: 663-7.
14 Specht R, et al. (2001) Mechanical Testing of Palamed®. In: Walenkamp GHIM, Murray DW, Henze U, Kock HJ (eds) Bone Cement and Cementing Technique. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
15 Gunkelman RF, et al. Clinical performance of Palacos and Simplex bone cements in total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis: a registry study of 58,684 knee replacements between 1999 and 2016. Rheumatology 2018; 8: 31.
16 Table 3.7. KM estimates of cumulative revision (95% CI) by fixation and bearing, in primary hip replacements. The National Joint Register. 16th Annual Report. 2018-2019. Page 56.
17 Figure HT17. Cumulative percent revision of primary total conventional hip replacement by fixation. The Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. Annual Report 2018. Page 107.
18 Richardson CG, et al. Increased mortality with the use of cementless fixation for femoral neck fractures: analysis of 5883 hip arthroplasty cases. J Arthroplasty 2020; Epub ahead of print.
19 Omari A, et al. Introduction of a new treatment algorithm reduces the number of periprosthetic femoral fractures following primary THA in elderly females. J Arthroplasty 2020; Epub ahead of print.
20 Tanzer M, et al. Is cemented or cementless femoral stem fixation more durable in patients older than 75 years of age? A comparison of the best- performing stems. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018; 476: 1428-37.
21 Springer BD, et al. Perioperative periprosthetic femur fractures are strongly correlated with fixation method: an analysis from the American Joint Replacement Registry. J Arthroplasty 2019; 34: S352-4.
22 Luzzi AJ, et al. The "Bundle Busters": Incidence and costs of postacute complications following total joint arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 2018; 33: 2734-9.
23 Aprato A, et al. Cementless total knee arthroplasty. Ann Transl Med 2016; 4(7): 129.
24 Nam D, et al. Perioperative and early postoperative comparison of a modern cemented and cementless total knee arthroplasty of the same design. J Arthroplasty 2017; 32: 2151-5.
25 Fricka KB, et al. To cement or not? Two-year results of a prospective, randomized study comparing cemented vs. Cementless total knee arthroplasty (TKA). J Arthroplasty 2015; 30: 55-8.
26 Jorgensen NB, et al. Major aseptic revision following total knee replacement. A study of 478,081 total knee replacements from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 2019; 101: 302-10.
27 Nugent M, et al. Despite improved survivorship of uncemented fixation in total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis, cemented fixation remains the gold standard: an analysis of a National Joint Registry. J Arthroplasty 2019; 34: 1626-33.
28 Table 3.25. KM estimates of cumulative revision (95% CI) by fixation, constraint, and bearing, in primary knee replacements. The National Joint Register. 15th Annual Report. 2017-2018. Page 112.