Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most severe complications in arthroplasty. The PJI risk is up to 2% in primary procedures and raises to approx. 5% in revision surgery.
There are various risk factors that may cause infection in primary and revision arthroplasty.
Crucial for prevention of infection is to take both the patient’s comorbidities as well as procedure-related risk factors into account*:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Inflammatory or organic disease
- Prolonged surgical time
- Previous infection or steroid injection
(*excerpt of possible risk factors affecting PJI)