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  • Edition 14 - 6 Mai 2019

印度汽车销售放缓而铂族金属用量增加

早些时候数据显示,4月印度乘用车销量下降,连续六个月同比下滑。信贷紧缩、消费者信心疲弱以及大选前不愿购车都影响了过去几个月的汽车销售。然而,消费者信心调查显示,在5月晚些时候选举结束后,情绪和销售将有所改善。印度是全球第五大乘用车市场,2018年销量为330万辆。销售的许多汽车都是小型车,柴油车的市场份额约为30%。

印度将于2020年4月推出更严格的排放法规(Bharat 6)。占约50%乘用车市场份额的Maruti已宣布将从2020年4月起逐步淘汰小型柴油机,原因是后处理成本增加导致柴油车太昂贵。

预计印度市场柴油车的份额将下降,钯金和铑的需求将受益于汽油车销量的增加以及汽车催化剂在满足新排放目标所需的更高负荷。随着其他地区汽车销量的增长,这将使钯金市场出现逆差,铑市场将接近平衡,这将在中期支撑价格。

预计印度铂金需求仍将继续增长。尽管预计柴油车的份额将下降,但汽车市场的整体增长意味着柴油车销售数据可能会保持稳定。考虑到Bharat 6所需的装载量增加,平稳的销售仍然会导致铂金需求增加。此外,印度是一个大型商用车市场,主要是柴油车,明年还需要更高的汽车催化剂负荷,这将提振铂金需求。总体而言,铂金市场预计将保持盈余,因此价格可能仍将保持低迷。

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