MiniLEDs have been introduced to backlighting modules for LCD TV screens, making them comparable to OLED screens in terms of contrast but with a longer product lifespan. They are also used in video walls, producing largesize displays with far superior performances to current technology. On the other hand, the tinier microLEDs offer even greater change to consumer display products such as TVs, tablets and smartphones. Small enough to act as individual pixels, these self-emissive lights can be lit up for whatever color, adjusted for brightness, or switched off entirely – something that LCD screens cannot do.
The challenge in producing micro and miniLEDs is with the packing of components onto electronic circuit carriers such as printed circuit boards (PCBs), glass substrates or flexible substrates. With the edge length of <240 μm for miniLEDs, the soldering pads need to be even smaller.
How can the solder paste deposits be applied effectively onto a circuit carrier so small? To do so consistently, solder pastes with particles smaller than 15 μm are needed, and the best application method is stencil printing. With its tight particle size distribution, Heraeus's Welco technology is designed for fine pitch applications such as micro and miniLEDs. Its excellent printability makes it the ideal material solution for these latest display innovations.