In contrast to thermal excitation, light-induced reactions often take place already at room temperature and hence much more gently.
Moreover, less by-products are generated.
Photochemical processes can also be used with a specific purpose, e.g. to decompose pollutants or remove toxic substances.
In addition to the conventional, long-proven reaction process in stirred tank reactors, chemical reactions are increasingly performed in microreactors, which enables even easier and more efficient implementation of photochemical reaction steps.